Playing sports and being athletic is supposed to be good for you. For the most part, it is, but it does not mean that you will not regularly incur some sort of injury. Just look at football players, baseball players, hockey players, and tennis players. They have injuries galore, and all of their injuries have been caught on camera at one point or another. That said, any sport that involves a lot of rapid movement on your feet is going to result in an ankle sports injury at some point. The following four ankle injuries are the most common. How these injuries are treated follow as well.
Strains just mean that you took your workout a little too far or you stretched the muscles and tendons a little too much. Rest is recommended, plus a little ice. Professionals like to put ice in a small tub of water and soak the ankle in it until they cannot stand the cold another second. When they can feel a lot of pain and stiffness again, it is time for another soak. After a few days, you can begin flexing and extending the foot and ankle to increase circulation and healing.
A sprain means that you probably tore some muscle tissue, or that the tendons have been stretched to the point of almost snapping. There will be lots of swelling, and possibly even some bruising if the affected muscle tissue had a very healthy blood vessel supply. Like the strain, you will need to ice this a lot, but your doctor may also give you an air splint and/or crutches so that you can immobilize the injury and hobble around until the ankle has made a full recovery.
Next to breaking your ankle, a tendon tear is the worst. The worst of the worst is tearing your Achilles tendon, which controls the movement of your foot from the back of your ankle. When you tear this tendon, it feels as though someone has lit your entire ankle on fire and your foot just flops. You will not be able to move it, and surgery is an immediate necessity. The tendon has to be repaired by sewing the torn pieces back together. The foot and ankle have to be completely immobile and iced for weeks. Then you will need physical therapy to regain mobility in that foot and ankle.
Your ankle is made up of the two lower ends of the tibia and the fibula, and the upper foot bones, more commonly known as the tarsals. Any one or more of these bones can break when you land really hard on your feet or fall wrong onto your ankle. They may need surgical pins to set them right, or they may just need immobilization for six to eight weeks to heal properly.
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